Different countries around the world are implementing strategies to reduce greenhouse gases. In Guatemala one of the main causes of this harmful gases is deforestation that’s why we work on the protection of the forest as one of the main solutions to reduce them.
The Department of Izabal, has been one of the most affected by deforestation, especially in the region that is known as the Caribbean Guatemala. In this region between 1991 and 2010 55,440 hectares of forests were lost one the fastest deforestation rates in Latin America. The Izabal of today is not the same as it was 30 years ago, water sources are drying up, natural disasters have increased, crops are lost because of an increasing dry season, and the beauty of the region is disappearing at a rapid pace.
FUNDAECO, with the support of the Althelia Climate Fund, is launching a project to prevent deforestation in the Caribbean Guatemala; ¨Avoided Deforestation, Biodiversity Conservation and Community Sustainable Development in the Caribbean Guatemala¨.
This project has been designed under the REDD + mechanism, and seeks to protect 100, 000 hectares of forests.
The project includes all the forests located in the Caribbean Region of Guatemala:
- Protective Cerro San Gil spring reserve
- Multiple use Area Río Sarstún
- Chiclera Mountain Regional Park
- Water and Forest reserve Sierra Caral
- Chocon Machacas Biotope
- Special protection Area Sierra Santa Cruz
- Rio Dulce National Park
- Punta de Manabique wildlife refuge
- Forests outside protected áreas
This mechanism was created after several meetings of international experts and Governments around the world, which recognized that deforestation worldwide is one of the main sources of greenhouse gases, and one of the main causes of the Climate change.
The sign +, is when REDD projects in addition of protecting forests also protects the biodiversity, water sources, promote community development and also have other social benefits such as the preservation of the holy sites.
The REDD + projects are being implemented not only in Guatemala but also in other parts of the world forests need to be protected making a global impact in the fight against climate change.
REDD + is based on standing and growing healthy forests to conserve and increase the reserves of carbon dioxide, deforestation or over exploitation of forests leads to the release of this gas into the atmosphere. Forests with high levels of biodiversity contribute the most to the stability of carbon stocks, and are more resilient to face human pressures and impacts of climate change. Therefore, the forests of Izabal are an excellent candidate for their protection as biodiversity is very high in the region.
In a REDD + project it is necessary to formulate a Project Design Document (PDD), which must be reviewed and validated according to international standards, and included in the register of validated projects. Once the project has been registered it will undertake periodic audits to verify how many emissions have been reduced. The audit will indicate how much emissions are reduced and how many VCUs did the project achieve. The VCUs can be sold in the national or international carbon market.
The REDD + projects do not work in small areas of forests with isolated actions, the goal is to reduce deforestation in large areas of forest. The REDD + projects aim for the integration of different strategies that address all causes of deforestation. In other words it cannot protect a forest if its protection is causing deforestation in another forest. The overall vision should be that the protection of my forest will only be effective if I help protect the neighbor’s forest and also the distant forests of the project.
- Productive technical assistance
- Support marketing of products of agroforestry systems
- Assistance for access to forestry incentives
- Support for the protection of community and private forests
- Training for community-based tourism service providers
- Support for the development and marketing of a network of ecotourism sites
- Support for the regularization and legalization of communal lands as well as individual land possessions
- Access to health services for women
- sholarships and training for girls and young people of rural communities
- And of course, income for the owners of forests in the region by the sale of Verified Carbon Units (VCUs) produced thanks to the conservation of forests and the commitment to avoid the deforestation of the Region in the next 30 years.
FUNDAECO, with the support of the Althelia Climate Fund, is launching a project to prevent deforestation in the Caribbean Guatemala; ¨Avoided Deforestation, Biodiversity Conservation and Community Sustainable Development in the Caribbean Guatemala¨. If you want to learn more about the carbon bonds that we will produce in Izabal you can contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Together we can save the last remaining forests of Izabal generating at the same time profit and income for our families and communities!